A Moose bite has caused a number of tooth pain problems, including those in children and adults.
A new study from the University of Auckland and the University’s dental school suggests that a bite to the back of the upper jaw may cause the same kind of pain as the front of the mouth.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Dental Association, looked at tooth decay symptoms and the impact of different types of bite wounds.
“We were looking at the effects of a different type of bite, namely the upper or posterior bite,” Dr Jody McNeill said.
“It was one of the things we were really interested in, and one of our hypotheses was if the lower bite area of a Moose would cause some kind of trauma to the tooth, then this could lead to a higher incidence of tooth decay.”
A bite to either side of the tooth was not considered a risk factor.
The researchers compared the levels of tooth-specific markers of infection and inflammation in dental patients who had been treated with oral rehydration salts (ORS) and those who had not.
They found that patients with lower bites to the front teeth were more likely to have an increased number of inflammatory markers and lower levels of inflammation markers in their saliva.
“The results suggest that a lower bite to one side of a tooth can cause more inflammatory markers to appear in saliva, and this is associated with a higher risk of developing dental pain,” Dr McNeill explained.
“This is one of those cases where we don’t really know what is the impact, but we are starting to know that there is a link between inflammation and pain.”
Treatments to the mouthA number of preventive strategies have been proposed to prevent tooth pain, including using oral rehygiene salts and topical anaesthetics.
Dr McNeill and colleagues also looked at the effect of a specific type of dental caries treatment on the level of inflammation in the saliva and on the risk of tooth erosion.
They studied over 500 patients in Auckland, New Zealand, and found that the number of participants who had received a caries prevention treatment was associated with significantly lower levels in their mouth of inflammatory marker markers, including IL-6, which were higher in patients who were receiving oral re-hydration treatment than those who were not.
“Our results suggest this is one example where we are able to reduce inflammation and improve oral health, particularly for those who are at risk of dental pain, by using oral hygiene treatments to reduce the levels in saliva,” Dr MacNeill said, adding that this could reduce the risk that oral hygiene treatment could exacerbate the problem.
“While the benefits of oral hygiene can be beneficial in terms of preventing tooth pain in children, this may not be a very effective method of prevention for adults.”
Researchers are also working on ways to identify specific oral conditions that cause inflammation, and to identify treatments that reduce the level in saliva of inflammatory and inflammatory markers in order to reduce pain.
Dr MacNeill is currently working with the Auckland Medical School to develop a new type of treatment that could be used to prevent dental pain and inflammation.
“There are many other ways to reduce inflammatory markers, but one of them is to use oral re hygienic techniques to reduce inflamed areas in the mouth, to stop plaque forming in the gum,” she said.”[This could be] one way to do this, but there are other ways that are more effective, such as targeting specific types of inflammation, which may help prevent some of the more serious problems.”